Installation Of Submersible Water Pumps
8 Steps To Proper Installation Of Submersible Water Pumps
Many homeowners complain about this problem due to water shortages. Water tanks that are installed underground require high water pressure to supply water to the main tank, especially on the roof. Have you run into this problem too? I think it’s time to think about getting a submersible water pump.
These pumps do not require priming because they are submerged in liquids , and are located at the bottom of your tank. Submersible pumps are quiet because the water automatically absorbs all noise. A centrifugal water pump consists of a motor that drives an impeller to rotate and push the water outward. In this way, it easily pumps water upward, ensuring an adequate water supply in homes.
Sealed units and an elegant design ensure that the pumps do not leak or pump electricity while submerged. . The design includes watertight gaskets and seals to prevent liquid from entering the housing components.
How does a submersible pump work?
It begins by harnessing pressure energy through the impeller. As water passes through the pump, the pressure increases and the water enters the diffuser. At this point, the water flows into the main water tank. These pumps operate vertically, producing more pumping power because they have a hydraulic motor. Consequently, it uses direct pressure through a pipe or hose to get the liquid out. You won’t believe it, but this is a much better method than suction.
How do I install a submersible well pump?
Submersible pumps are easy to install, which means you can install them yourself.
Submersible water pump installation diagram
Here’s an eight-step guide to guide you through the installation process.
Step 1 – Inspect the tank and well
\Fill the tank with water before you begin the installation process if it does not seem deep enough
\Determine the depth of your water tank.
\Make sure there are no chips or cracks! Cement any damage.
\If we’re talking about a well, be sure to call in a specialist to check the condition of the well. Once you have the well evaluated and any defects corrected, you can move on to the next step of the installation process.
Step 2 – Make sure that all of the pump’s components are included in the kit
\Check the instructions and the number of components you see. You should have all of the power components together.
\Check the diverter cable to make sure that it works with the motor and the motor cable. It should have the correct speed to sink into the water without any technical problems.
\Check the fittings as they should match the orifice cover and the main outlet port.
Step 3 – Install the pump
\Check the voltage in your home beforehand to determine if the voltage is low or high. Sometimes the pump needs a high frequency, which disrupts the wiring.
\Secure the motor to the pump using only the supplied lubricant. It acts as a sealant, preventing water and other incompressible materials from getting inside the motor.
\Take your time and install the motor smoothly inside the pump. During assembly, cover the splined shaft by applying a flat fitting with tape. You can also screw in a submersible pump if adjustment is not possible.
Step 4 – Connect the Cables
\We need to attach or connect the pump to the motor and make sure it is watertight. Follow the instructions carefully at this point so as not to make any mistakes.
\Start with the connection, since you have several wires to connect. Either do this by heat shrinking a welding kit or buy one. After that, familiarize yourself with black pipes.
\Use a propane torch to heat the pipes and soften them up before you tighten the screws. This will make the lines watertight and the entire system will be watertight.
Step 5 – Waterproof the cables
All submersible pumps come with a three-core PVC cable.
\ Connect one end to the motor and the other end to the control panel. And since one end will be inside the water, you need to waterproof the cable to eliminate any electrical hazard.
\Wrap the wires with self-sealing heat shrink tubing. This is heat-shrinkable plastic tubing that insulates the wires, provides abrasion resistance, and protects the cables from damage.
\Create a moisture-resistant seal. Begin wrapping the wires like tape, and gently slip the tubing over the wrap. Once you heat the tube, the wrap will automatically melt, properly sealing the cables
Step 6 – Check the direction of rotation
\Check if the direction of rotation of the motor shaft matches that of the cable box. Sometimes when viewed from the motor shaft side, the rotation is counterclockwise, but it will be different when checked manually.
\Connect the ends of the wires to energize the motor for a few seconds. Keep pouring fresh water over the sand guard to avoid heat generation and check the direction of rotation.
\If the direction differs from the markings on the cable box, make some adjustments.Try swapping the two lead wires from the control panels and try again.
Step 7 – Install the check valves
\ Once the submersible pump is installed, start checking the valves to monitor the water flow. This improves the reliability of the water intake system and eliminates any problems associated with inadequate water supply.
\If you find that there are no valves, install two valves in the inlet piping. This will prevent water from flowing back into the tank when the pump is not running. In this way it will ensure constant water pressure without physically stressing the pump.
\The check valves provide immediate water flow to the pressure tank as soon as the pump starts. This means homeowners don’t have to wait hours to fill the rest of the tanks, which speeds up the whole process. Place it next to the water pipe that enters your home so it’s accessible for maintenance and replacement.
Step 8 – Connect the power supply and test
\be sure to do a final test of the pump.
\Run the water tank dry and check for any problems with the motor heating.
Be sure to monitor :
-Do the contractors work with sufficient current ratings or do they need higher ratings.
Don’t forget to have regular preventive maintenance inspections to ensure maximum efficiency.
Submersible pumps help homeowners overcome the problem of low water pressure. It includes high-efficiency motors that keep water flowing into all pipes and reservoirs. And at the same time, there has been an increase in the commercial use of submersible water pumps. Some people use it during the rainy season to drain their basements, while others enjoy a stable water supply.